Peru is located in west-central South America, with a land mass of approximately 1.28 million km2 and 5,220 km2 of water. Three geographic regions can be differentiated: coastal, mountain, and forest. The coastal region is a narrow 2,414-km flat, mainly arid and partly desert strip between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains. Good-quality farmlands are found only in the valleys of the seasonal rivers. The mountain region, in the Andes Mountains, is divided into western, central, and eastern mountains rising up to 6,780 m above sea level. Most of this area is composed of valleys and plateaus. Lake Titicaca, the world’s highest navigable lake, is in the eastern mountains. The forest region is east of the Andes and includes part of the Amazon forest, divided into high forest—a belt lying between 700 and 3,600 m on the east side of the Andes Mountains—and low forest, composed of uninterrupted forest.
The Philippines is an archipelago of some 7,107 islands located between 4° and 21° N latitude and 116° and 127° E longitude. The country is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Sulu and Celebes seas to the south, and the Bashi Channel to the north.
It is divided into three main geographic areas: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The climate is tropical marine, which is mainly moderated by the surrounding seas, with a November to April northeast monsoon and a May to October southwest monsoon. Climate varies within the country because of the mountainous topography. There are four general climatic types: (1) two pronounced seasons, dry from November to April and wet the rest of the year (Central Luzon, western Visayas), (2) absence of a dry period, but with maximum rains from November to January (eastern Luzon, eastern Visayas, and northeastern Mindanao), (3) dry from November to February and wet the rest of the year (central Visayas, western Bicol, northern Mindanao), and (4) more or less even rainfall distribution throughout the year (central Mindanao). Read More
Following are detailed descriptions of selected rice-producing countries in rice regions (Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC], Africa, North America, and Europe). Of the top 10 countries in the world during 2005-09, nine are in Asia, in order: China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines, and Japan. Completing the top 10 Asian countries is Cambodia.