A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO
  • Rice is a type of grass (genus Oryza) that belongs to a family of plants that includes other cereals such as
    Read More

    Rice as a plant

  • Rice is the most important human food crop in the world, directly feeding more people than any other crop. In 2012,
    Read More

    Rice as a crop

  • Cultivating rice is the – and source of income – for millions of households around the globe. Rice is grown in more than
    Read More

    Rice as commodity

  • Rice is the most important food crop of the developing world and the staple food of more than half of the
    Read More

    Rice as food

  • Challenges

    Challenges

    Peru is located in west-central South America, with a land mass of approximately 1.28 million km2 and 5,220 km2 of water. Three geographic regions can be differentiated: coastal, mountain, and forest. The coastal region is a narrow 2,414-km flat, mainly arid and partly desert strip between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains. Good-quality farmlands are found only in the valleys of the seasonal rivers. The mountain region, in the Andes Mountains, is divided into western, central, and eastern mountains rising up to 6,780 m above sea level. Most of this area is composed of valleys and plateaus. Lake Titicaca, the world’s highest navigable lake, is in the eastern mountains. The forest region is east of the Andes and includes part of the Amazon forest, divided into high forest—a belt lying between 700 and 3,600 m on the east side of the Andes Mountains—and low forest, composed of uninterrupted forest. Read More
  • Culture

    Culture

    The Philippines is an archipelago of some 7,107 islands located between 4° and 21° N latitude and 116° and 127° E longitude. The country is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Sulu and Celebes seas to the south, and the Bashi Channel to the north. It is divided into three main geographic areas: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The climate is tropical marine, which is mainly moderated by the surrounding seas, with a November to April northeast monsoon and a May to October southwest monsoon. Climate varies within the country because of the mountainous topography. There are four general climatic types: (1) two pronounced seasons, dry from November to April and wet the rest of the year (Central Luzon, western Visayas), (2) absence of a dry period, but with maximum rains from November to January (eastern Luzon, eastern Visayas, and northeastern Mindanao), (3) dry from November to February and wet the rest of the year (central Visayas, western Bicol, northern Mindanao), and (4) more or less even rainfall distribution throughout the year (central Mindanao). Read More
  • Rice around the world

    Rice around the world

    Following are detailed descriptions of selected rice-producing countries in rice regions (Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC], Africa, North America, and Europe). Of the top 10 countries in the world during 2005-09, nine are in Asia, in order: China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines, and Japan. Completing the top 10 Asian countries is Cambodia. Read More

uzbekistan

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 3,420
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 16.3 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 32.5 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: vegetables including oils, wheat, milk, fruits, potatoes, meat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 4.9 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Apr-May
Aug-Sep


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Uzbekistan, between Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan in Central Asia, has a population of 27.8 million (2011) in an area of 447,400 km2 that is mostly desert in an arid climate. The country also has borders with Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. In the west, it borders the Aral Sea, which has been drying up due to overuse of inflowing river water for irrigation of crops in river valleys. Agriculture, mainly of cotton, occupies 10% of the land, occupies a fifth of the workforce, and contributes 18.9% to GDP. Rice, however, is an important part of the Uzbek diet. Rice is grown in summer under flood irrigation mostly in rotation with winter wheat.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




Return to world map

turkmenistan

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 8,690
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 1.4 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 23.4 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: wheat, milk, vegetables including oils , meat, potatoes, grapes, onions
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 13 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Apr-May
Aug-Sep


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Turkmenistan in Central Asia lies between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to the north and Iran and Afghanistan to the south; the Caspian Sea forms its western side. About 80% is desert with a tropical arid climate. Arable land, 3.9% of the country’s area of 488,100 km2, is along river valleys and almost all irrigated. Agriculture accounts for 14.6% of GDP and employs 30% of the population of 5.1 million (2011). Cotton and wheat are the major commodities; rice is a minor crop.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.
www.waterfootprint.org/Reports/Report41-WaterFootprintCentralAsia.pdf.




Return to world map

timor-leste

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2010: 5,210
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 8.2 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: maize, rice, starchy roots, meat, vegetables including oils, fruits, wheat, milk
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 67.3 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Dec-Jan
May-Jul
Off
Apr-Jun
Aug-Dec


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Timor-Leste is a tiny (14,874 km2) new country (independence in 2002) at the eastern end of Indonesia, where it occupies two parts of the island of Timor and two small islands between the Timor Sea to the south and the Banda Sea to the north. Eleven percent of the land area is arable. The land is mountainous, some parts rugged, and the climate is hot humid tropical, with marked wet (December-March) and dry (June-September) seasons. Although the country receives substantial oil revenue, the population of 1.15 million is still largely rural, with agriculture making up 25.6% of GDP and occupying 80% of the workforce. Maize and rice are the main crops.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




Return to world map

If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

In partnership with:

IRRI-logo
logo-africarice
CIAT-logo