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  • Rice is a type of grass (genus Oryza) that belongs to a family of plants that includes other cereals such as
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    Rice as a plant

  • Rice is the most important human food crop in the world, directly feeding more people than any other crop. In 2012,
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    Rice as a crop

  • Cultivating rice is the – and source of income – for millions of households around the globe. Rice is grown in more than
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    Rice as commodity

  • Rice is the most important food crop of the developing world and the staple food of more than half of the
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    Rice as food

  • Challenges

    Challenges

    For every one billion people added to the world’s population, 100 million more tons of rice need to be produced each year. But the challenges facing rice production are great. Read More
  • Culture

    Culture

    Rice is a central part of many cultures – some countries even credit rice cultivation with the development of their civilization. It is remarkable that almost every culture has its own way of harvesting, processing and eating rice and these different traditions are, in fact, part of the world's cultural heritage. Read More
  • Rice around the world

    Rice around the world

    Following are detailed descriptions of selected rice-producing countries in rice regions (Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC], Africa, North America, and Europe). Of the top 10 countries in the world during 2005-09, nine are in Asia, in order: China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines, and Japan. Completing the top 10 Asian countries is Cambodia. Read More
iraq

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 3,750
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 35.2 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 40.4 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2007-09: wheat, barley, dates, maize, rice, vegetables, meat, yogurt
  • Rice consumption, 2007-09: 39.5 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Jun-Jul
Sep-Oct


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Iraq, a Middle East country lying between Iran and Kuwait facing the Persian Gulf, has a population of 32.7 million (2011) in an area of 435,240 km2 that consists mainly of broad plains with areas of marsh and flooded parts. The climate varies from tropical in the south and southeast to dry in the west. Only 10.4% of the land is arable. Agricultural output accounts for 8.6% of GDP and occupies about 23.4% of the workforce. Rice is the third most important staple after wheat and barley.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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iran

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2009: 11,420
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 128.5 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 2.7 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: vegetables including oils, wheat, fruits, milk, potatoes, meat, sugar, grapes, rice
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 23 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jun
Sep-Oct


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Iran is a Middle East country bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan, with a total area of 1.74 million km2 of mainly deserts and fringing, arid mountainous areas. There are also coastal plains where crops such as rice are grown. About 11% of the land is arable. A quarter of the workforce in the population of 74.8 million in 2011 was occupied in agriculture, which formed 10.2% of GDP.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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bhutan

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 5,480
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 78 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2010: rice, maize, wheat, meat, oranges, milk, potato
  • Rice consumption, 2010: 172 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Apr-Jun
Aug-Nov


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Bhutan, surrounded by India and China high in the Himalayas, is a tiny nation of 38,394 km2 with a 2010 population of 725,940. Apart from snow-covered mountains, there are southern tropical plains and central temperate plains. Only 2% of the land is arable, and half of that is on steep mountainsides. Although the share of agriculture in GDP is gradually decreasing (18.7% of GDP in 2009), agriculture provided livelihood to 65.4% of the population in 2009.

The improved communication facilities in the country during the last 10 years increased the trend from a subsistence basis in agriculture toward cash crops. The number of mechanized farms is increasing as a result of the government’s sizable investments and subsidy on machinery and other inputs.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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afghanistan

General information

  • GNI per capita PPP$, 2010: 1,060
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 47.15 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 18.18 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: wheat, maize, rice, barley, pulses, potatoes, fruits, meat
  • Rice consumption, 2003: 17 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jun
Oct-Nov


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Afghanistan is a landlocked country surrounded by China, Iran, Pakistan, and the Central Asian Republics with a population of 31.4 million as of 2010. The country sits at an important geostrategic location that connects the Middle East with Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. It consists of highland plains separated by mountains. Afghanistan is largely dry and rocky, with some fertile lowlands where rice and other grains, as well as cotton and fruits, are grown. Agricultural activities make up 30% of GDP, although about 12% of the country is arable. Deforestation has increased rapidly, leading to desertification; potable water is scarce. The main population centers are in eastern valleys. 

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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