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  • Rice is a type of grass (genus Oryza) that belongs to a family of plants that includes other cereals such as
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    Rice as a plant

  • Rice is the most important human food crop in the world, directly feeding more people than any other crop. In 2012,
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    Rice as a crop

  • Cultivating rice is the – and source of income – for millions of households around the globe. Rice is grown in more than
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    Rice as commodity

  • Rice is the most important food crop of the developing world and the staple food of more than half of the
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    Rice as food

  • Challenges

    Challenges

    For every one billion people added to the world’s population, 100 million more tons of rice need to be produced each year. But the challenges facing rice production are great. Read More
  • Culture

    Culture

    Rice is a central part of many cultures – some countries even credit rice cultivation with the development of their civilization. It is remarkable that almost every culture has its own way of harvesting, processing and eating rice and these different traditions are, in fact, part of the world's cultural heritage. Read More
  • Rice around the world

    Rice around the world

    Following are detailed descriptions of selected rice-producing countries in rice regions (Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC], Africa, North America, and Europe). Of the top 10 countries in the world during 2005-09, nine are in Asia, in order: China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines, and Japan. Completing the top 10 Asian countries is Cambodia. Read More
sri-lanka

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 5,520
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 52.8 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: rice, oilcrops, wheat, vegetables, milk, fruits, sugar, fish
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 103.8 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Major (Maha)
Oct-Nov
Feb-Mar
Minor (Yaha)
Apr-May
Aug-Sep


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Sri Lanka, a small island at the southern tip of India, had a population of 21 million in 2011. The country has an area of 65,610 km2, which is divided into two climate zones, wet in the southwest and dry elsewhere. The land is mainly flat with a central mountain range. Arable land was 19% of the total land area in 2009. Agriculture accounts for 44% of the workforce and 12% of GDP. Rice is the second largest crop after tea.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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pakistan

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 2,870
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 55 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 191.8 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: wheat, milk, sugar, fruits, vegetables, rice, fruits, meat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 17 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jul
Oct-Nov


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Pakistan, a South Asian country facing the Arabian Sea, with 796,100 km2 in area and a population of 176.8 million (2011), is largely mountainous and semiarid. However, on the eastern side, where Pakistan borders India, the Indus River runs nearly the full length of the country. Most agricultural activities are concentrated on its banks, as is most of the population. Arable land is 26.5% of the land area. Agriculture occupies 39% of the workforce and accounts for 21.6% of GDP. The main crops are cotton and wheat.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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nepal

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 1,260
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 198.2 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 12 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: rice, maize, wheat, vegetables, starchy roots, milk, fruits, wheat, sugarcane, vegetables, including oil
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 79.7 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Aug
Oct-Dec


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


 

Nepal is a small (147,480 km2) country in the central Himalayan Mountains between India and China. It consists of low tropical plains and central plateaus that rise up to the world’s highest peaks. Arable land covers 16.7% of its land area. The population in 2011 was 30.5 million. According to the Nepal Department of Agriculture, agriculture provides a livelihood for 66% of the economically active population and accounts for 39% of GDP.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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malaysia

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 15,650
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 580 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: rice, wheat, fish, meat, vegetables, fruits, sugar, milk
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 74 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main, Peninsular
Sep-Oct
Nov-Mar
Main, Sabah
Jun-Sep
Dec-Apr
Main, Sarawak
Jan-May
Aug-Sep


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Malaysia consists of a peninsula bordering Thailand in the north, and the northwestern side of the island of Borneo, with a total area of 330,800 km2 and a population of 28.9 million (2011). Most of the peninsula is covered in tropical forest, much of it on a central mountain range. Coastal plains dominate the Borneo states and the interior is mountainous. About 13% of the workforce is engaged in agriculture; 5.5% of the land is arable (2009). Agriculture made up 11.9% of GDP in 2011.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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