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  • Rice is a type of grass (genus Oryza) that belongs to a family of plants that includes other cereals such as
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    Rice as a plant

  • Rice is the most important human food crop in the world, directly feeding more people than any other crop. In 2012,
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    Rice as a crop

  • Cultivating rice is the – and source of income – for millions of households around the globe. Rice is grown in more than
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    Rice as commodity

  • Rice is the most important food crop of the developing world and the staple food of more than half of the
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    Rice as food

  • Challenges

    Challenges

    For every one billion people added to the world’s population, 100 million more tons of rice need to be produced each year. But the challenges facing rice production are great. Read More
  • Culture

    Culture

    Rice is a central part of many cultures – some countries even credit rice cultivation with the development of their civilization. It is remarkable that almost every culture has its own way of harvesting, processing and eating rice and these different traditions are, in fact, part of the world's cultural heritage. Read More
  • Rice around the world

    Rice around the world

    Following are detailed descriptions of selected rice-producing countries in rice regions (Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC], Africa, North America, and Europe). Of the top 10 countries in the world during 2005-09, nine are in Asia, in order: China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines, and Japan. Completing the top 10 Asian countries is Cambodia. Read More
lao

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 2,580
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 190.4 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 143.1 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: rice, vegetables, fruits, starchy roots, sugar, meat, fish 
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 165.5 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Wet
May-Jul
Nov-Dec
Dry
Dec-Jan
Apr-Jun


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


The Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Laos) is an elongated landlocked country between Thailand and Vietnam, also bordering Cambodia in the south and Myanmar and China in the north. With an area of 236,800 km2, most of the land is mountainous and covered in rainforest. Logging of the forests is a major environmental problem. About 5.9% of the land area is arable (2009). The Mekong River forms a fertile valley through most of the country, where agriculture, mainly rice farming, is carried out. The population in 2011 was 6.3 million. Agriculture occupied 75% of the workforce and made up 30.8% of the country’s GDP in 2011.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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korea-republic

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 30,370
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 64.9 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 4.9 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: vegetables including oils, rice, fruits, fermented beverages, meat, fish, wheat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 81.3 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jun
Sep-Oct


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


The Republic of Korea (South Korea) occupies the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, with a population of 48.4 million (2011) in an area of 99,900 km2. The country has large areas of coastal plains in the west and south used mainly for agriculture. Arable land is about 16.4% of the land area. The country has become mainly industrial and agriculture is only 2.7% (2011) of GDP, supporting 6.6% of the workforce.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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NKorea

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 1,610**
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 67 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 10.2 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: vegetables, rice, fruits, potatoes, maize, wheat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 76.2 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jun
Sep-Oct


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) occupies the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with a population of 24.45 million (2011) in an area of 120,540 km2, bordering China and the Republic of Korea. Much of the country is mountainous, with rice, the main agricultural crop, and other crops being grown on plains. Arable land is 22% (2009) of the total. Agriculture makes up 21% of GDP, occupying a third of the workforce.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012. *FAO. 2012: CFSAM-Korea, DPRK.
**www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/GNI_PPP_of_countries.htm; 2011: The Bank of Korea (www.nkeconwatch.com), approx. 5.3% of South Korea.




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kazakhstan

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 11,250
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 64.4 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 44.1 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: milk, vegetables, wheat, potatoes, meat, fruits, sugar
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 8.6 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jun
Sep-Oct


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Kazakhstan, with an area of 2.7 million km2, is the ninth largest country in the world but has a population of only 16.2 million (2011). Positioned between China and Russia, it lies at the top of Central Asia. The land gradually changes from mountains and steppes in the north and northeast to flat deserts. Only 8.7% is arable and most crops are irrigated. The climate is arid and semiarid. Agriculture makes up 5.5% of GDP (2011) and occupies 29.4% of the workforce (2009).

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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