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  • Rice is a type of grass (genus Oryza) that belongs to a family of plants that includes other cereals such as
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    Rice as a plant

  • Rice is the most important human food crop in the world, directly feeding more people than any other crop. In 2012,
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    Rice as a crop

  • Cultivating rice is the – and source of income – for millions of households around the globe. Rice is grown in more than
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    Rice as commodity

  • Rice is the most important food crop of the developing world and the staple food of more than half of the
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    Rice as food

  • Challenges

    Challenges

    Peru is located in west-central South America, with a land mass of approximately 1.28 million km2 and 5,220 km2 of water. Three geographic regions can be differentiated: coastal, mountain, and forest. The coastal region is a narrow 2,414-km flat, mainly arid and partly desert strip between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains. Good-quality farmlands are found only in the valleys of the seasonal rivers. The mountain region, in the Andes Mountains, is divided into western, central, and eastern mountains rising up to 6,780 m above sea level. Most of this area is composed of valleys and plateaus. Lake Titicaca, the world’s highest navigable lake, is in the eastern mountains. The forest region is east of the Andes and includes part of the Amazon forest, divided into high forest—a belt lying between 700 and 3,600 m on the east side of the Andes Mountains—and low forest, composed of uninterrupted forest. Read More
  • Culture

    Culture

    The Philippines is an archipelago of some 7,107 islands located between 4° and 21° N latitude and 116° and 127° E longitude. The country is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Sulu and Celebes seas to the south, and the Bashi Channel to the north. It is divided into three main geographic areas: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The climate is tropical marine, which is mainly moderated by the surrounding seas, with a November to April northeast monsoon and a May to October southwest monsoon. Climate varies within the country because of the mountainous topography. There are four general climatic types: (1) two pronounced seasons, dry from November to April and wet the rest of the year (Central Luzon, western Visayas), (2) absence of a dry period, but with maximum rains from November to January (eastern Luzon, eastern Visayas, and northeastern Mindanao), (3) dry from November to February and wet the rest of the year (central Visayas, western Bicol, northern Mindanao), and (4) more or less even rainfall distribution throughout the year (central Mindanao). Read More
  • Rice around the world

    Rice around the world

    Following are detailed descriptions of selected rice-producing countries in rice regions (Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC], Africa, North America, and Europe). Of the top 10 countries in the world during 2005-09, nine are in Asia, in order: China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines, and Japan. Completing the top 10 Asian countries is Cambodia. Read More
uganda

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 1,310
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 39 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 27 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: starchy roots, plantains, fermented beverages, milk, vegetables including oils, maize, millet
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 4.6 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

First
Feb
Jun
Second
Aug
Dec


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Uganda, 241,550 km2 in area, is a highland plateau country in East-Central Africa, the lowest point being 621 m above sea level. Landlocked and surrounded by five other nations, it has a long border with Lake Victoria and has many other large water bodies. The climate is tropical, with two dry seasons (December-February and June-August). Some 33% of the land is arable; agriculture makes up 23.4% of GDP and occupies 75% of the workforce in a population of 34.5 million (2011). Rice is a relatively new crop and much consumption is from imported rice.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012




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togo

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 1,040
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 11.5 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 3.2 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: starchy roots, maize, sorghum, vegetables including oils, rice, fermented beverages, meat, pulses, wheat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 21 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May
Oct-Nov


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Togo forms a thin strip facing the Atlantic Ocean in West Africa, covering 56,785 km2 between Benin and Ghana; inland, it borders Burkina Faso. The land consists of a coastal plain with extensive wetlands rising to hilly in the center and to gently rolling savanna in the north. Nearly half (40%) of the land is arable. The climate ranges from hot humid tropical in the coastal south to semiarid in the inland north. The population is 6.1 million (2011) and largely rural. Agriculture accounts for 53% of the workforce and 31.9% of GDP. Demand for rice has been increasing and, although domestic production is increasing, much rice is still imported.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and *National Rice Development Strategy Togo, October 2010.




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sierra-leone

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 840
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011:  160 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: rice, cassava, fermented beverages, vegetables including oils, fruits, fish, pulses, wheat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 92.3 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Apr-Jul
Sep-Jan


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Sierra Leone, between Guinea and Liberia on the West African coast facing the Atlantic Ocean, is a small country, with a population of 6 million (2011) in an area of 71,740 km2. It consists of a large swampy coastal plain and inner agricultural areas that were previously tropical forest, and an eastern plateau. About 15% of the land was arable in 2009. More than half the workforce (60%) is engaged in agriculture, mainly at the subsistence level, contributing 44.4% to GDP (2011).

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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rwanda

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 1,270
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 9.5 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: plantains, starchy roots, fermented beverages, vegetables, pulses, milk, maize, sorghum
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 9.6 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

First wet
Sep-Oct
Jan-Feb
Second wet
Feb-Mar
May-Jun


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Rwanda in Central Africa is the most densely populated country on the continent, with a population of 10.9 million (2011) in an area of 26,338 km2. Rwanda is landlocked, surrounded by Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, and Uganda, with part of its western border in Lake Kivu. Most of the country is made up of grassy plains and hills, with some mountainous areas, such that more than half is arable (52.7% of the land area). The great majority of the workforce (89%) is engaged in agriculture and contributes 32% to GDP. The climate is temperate and there are two wet seasons, in September-December and March-May. Rice consumption and production are increasing in the country, although much rice consumed is imported.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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