A project of

RICE logo
  • Rice is a type of grass (genus Oryza) that belongs to a family of plants that includes other cereals such as
    Read More

    Rice as a plant

  • Rice is the most important human food crop in the world, directly feeding more people than any other crop. In 2012,
    Read More

    Rice as a crop

  • Cultivating rice is the – and source of income – for millions of households around the globe. Rice is grown in more than
    Read More

    Rice as commodity

  • Rice is the most important food crop of the developing world and the staple food of more than half of the
    Read More

    Rice as food

  • Challenges

    Challenges

    For every one billion people added to the world’s population, 100 million more tons of rice need to be produced each year. But the challenges facing rice production are great. Read More
  • Culture

    Culture

    Rice is a central part of many cultures – some countries even credit rice cultivation with the development of their civilization. It is remarkable that almost every culture has its own way of harvesting, processing and eating rice and these different traditions are, in fact, part of the world's cultural heritage. Read More
  • Rice around the world

    Rice around the world

    Following are detailed descriptions of selected rice-producing countries in rice regions (Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean [LAC], Africa, North America, and Europe). Of the top 10 countries in the world during 2005-09, nine are in Asia, in order: China, India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Myanmar, Thailand, Philippines, and Japan. Completing the top 10 Asian countries is Cambodia. Read More
niger

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 720
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 3.5 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 30.2 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: millet and sorghum, milk, vegetables, pulses, meat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 8.3 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Deepwater rice
Jul-Aug
Dec-Jan
Other rice, main
Jun-Jul
Oct-Dec


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Niger is one of the larger Central African countries, with an area of 1.27 million km2. Landlocked, it consists mainly of a plateau. The Sahara Desert occupies the northern parts and there is savanna in the south where crops such as rice are grown. Nearly all (90%) of the workforce in the population of 16.1 million (2011) is rural, engaged in subsistence agriculture, which makes up 39.7% of GDP. Arable land made up 11.8% of total land area in 2009.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




Return to world map

mozambique

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 970
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 100.3 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 116.8 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: starchy roots, maize, wheat, rice, fruits, sugar, vegetables including oils
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 19 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Nov-Jan
May-Jun


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Mozambique extends nearly 2,500 km along the southeastern coast of Africa, with an area of 799,380 km2. Much of this consists of wide coastal plains, rising to low inland plateaus. Agriculture occupies about 81% of the workforce in a population of 23.9 million (2011). Arable land is 6.4% of the total area; however, agriculture makes up 32% of GDP.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.
*National Rice Development Strategy, Mozambique, Ministry of Agriculture, Republic of Mozambique, 2 September 2009. Draft.




Return to world map

mauritania

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 2,400
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 0.4 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 11 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: milk, wheat, sugar, vegetables, rice, meat, fish
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 30.5 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Jun-Jul
Oct-Nov
Off
Oct-Dec
Mar-Apr


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Mauritania is a large West African country bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Two-thirds of the land area of 1 million km2 is desert. Most of its population of 3.54 million (2011) lives in the southwest, where the Senegal River provides water for irrigation. Agriculture contributes 16.3% (2011) of GDP and occupies 50% of the labor force. Arable land is only 0.4% of the land area, but fishing and livestock are the main agricultural activities.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and FAO RICE INFORMATION online, as of November 2012.




Return to world map

malawi

General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 870
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 16.1 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 1.1 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: starchy roots, maize, banana and plantains, vegetables including oils, pulses, sugar
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 5.9 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Nov-Dec
May-Jul


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Landlocked Malawi in southeastern Africa consists mainly of a plateau beside Lake Nyasa, whose waters make up 24,400 km2 of the total area of 118,484 km2. The population of 15.4 million (2011) makes Malawi one of the world’s most densely populated countries. Agriculture comprises almost a third of GDP, occupying nearly 80% of the workforce. Arable land is 38.2% of the land area. The climate is subtropical with a rainy season in November to May, the remainder of the year being dry.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012. *Mzengeza T. 2010. Genetic Studies on Grain and Morphological Traits in Early Generation Crosses of Malawi Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Landrace and NERICA Varieties. PhD Thesis at African Centre for Crop Improvement, University of Kwazulu, Natal, Republic of South Africa.




Return to world map

If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

In partnership with:

IRRI-logo
logo-africarice
CIAT-logo