A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Australia

australia


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
30,185.00
32,103.00
33,034.00
35,380.00
36,966.00
39,614.00
41,278.00
41,390.00
41,500.00
41,614.00
41,110.00
40,616.00
40,216.00
42,121.00
42,226.00
42,076.00
41,087.00
42,518.00
43,932.00
44,031.00
43,014.00
46,374.00
44,817.00
47,080.00
47,150.00
46,813.00
46,941.00
47,000.00
47,700.00
47,900.00
45,700.00
47,200.00
46,300.00
47,300.00
40,097.00
36,284.00
39,871.00
44,055.00
45,530.00
47,304.00
49,807.00
47,799.00
47,040.00
47,743.00
49,402.00
47,715.00
44,140.00
43,979.00
45,616.00
42,568.00
47,678.00
47,113.00
46,219.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
20.00
20.31
22.23
24.04
24.94
26.06
29.84
30.74
33.70
40.15
40.72
40.47
45.10
67.50
75.56
74.84
92.04
91.43
110.23
116.36
106.00
127.00
77.00
119.04
121.80
106.10
95.90
105.40
97.00
105.00
89.00
127.00
125.00
132.70
129.20
149.70
166.70
141.20
151.70
133.30
177.00
144.00
45.84
66.40
51.22
99.00
20.00
2.20
8.00
18.90
75.78
103.12
113.64
75.00
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
5.90
6.84
6.30
6.07
6.34
7.18
7.41
7.42
7.92
6.23
7.39
6.13
6.85
6.06
5.12
5.57
5.76
5.36
6.28
5.27
7.17
6.75
6.75
5.33
7.09
6.48
5.72
7.22
8.30
8.80
8.84
8.83
7.64
8.15
8.80
6.35
8.33
9.43
9.16
8.26
9.28
8.28
9.56
8.33
6.62
10.13
8.15
8.00
8.15
10.41
9.54
8.91
10.22
10.92
Paddy Production (000 t)
118.00
139.00
140.00
146.00
158.00
187.00
221.00
228.00
267.00
250.00
301.00
248.00
309.00
409.00
387.00
417.00
530.00
489.70
692.15
613.16
760.00
857.00
520.00
634.00
864.00
687.00
549.00
761.00
805.00
924.00
787.00
1,122.00
955.00
1,082.00
1,137.00
951.20
1,388.00
1,330.90
1,389.80
1,100.70
1,643.00
1,192.00
438.11
553.11
338.88
1,003.00
163.00
17.60
65.20
196.70
723.28
918.73
1,161.12
819.00
Milled production (000 t)
78.71
92.71
93.38
97.38
105.39
124.73
147.41
152.08
178.09
166.75
200.77
165.42
206.10
272.80
258.13
278.14
353.51
326.63
461.66
408.98
506.92
571.62
346.84
422.88
576.29
458.23
366.18
507.59
536.93
616.31
524.93
748.37
636.98
721.69
758.38
634.45
925.80
887.71
927.00
734.17
1,095.88
795.06
292.22
368.93
226.04
669.00
108.72
11.74
43.49
131.20
482.43
Rice imports (000 t)
1.00
0.90
1.10
1.40
1.64
1.68
1.68
1.45
1.53
0.42
0.38
0.40
0.36
0.52
0.47
1.31
1.98
0.75
0.85
1.32
1.79
3.78
6.50
9.49
10.97
17.32
21.49
24.59
27.16
28.50
32.08
30.77
31.09
30.98
39.49
42.74
37.12
49.90
52.20
58.87
62.35
76.03
89.14
107.02
101.14
124.40
194.60
203.93
192.64
160.12
133.80
145.37
Rice exports (000 t)
60.18
50.85
56.87
56.10
64.40
63.98
89.16
101.54
109.59
121.35
100.37
179.99
157.34
136.47
172.83
215.51
253.98
274.17
239.93
449.30
277.30
566.05
389.60
242.12
330.34
518.99
359.03
313.98
339.28
424.15
424.05
511.03
474.83
582.07
538.48
553.11
647.06
546.35
663.66
616.36
605.14
319.49
141.72
54.25
50.54
316.77
190.26
47.65
17.07
54.02
277.99
449.57
460.69
Total rice consumption (000 t)
35.18
27.24
37.70
38.25
39.01
32.84
36.10
40.33
29.56
48.23
60.52
36.25
63.84
57.82
54.92
59.82
79.62
63.24
72.09
127.76
122.00
96.78
110.87
93.33
90.88
86.88
124.21
128.36
135.56
150.15
112.94
116.12
181.05
188.20
198.90
216.15
221.01
270.37
283.19
295.52
312.95
269.36
286.12
288.65
284.50
278.13
270.26
305.07
292.08
291.17
351.52
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
22.22
20.31
22.67
27.45
29.38
28.49
26.43
27.58
25.26
23.34
25.98
32.20
38.13
20.58
17.09
23.30
24.69
25.48
27.63
26.40
26.60
24.74
26.50
26.53
24.50
25.52
29.45
29.70
29.21
24.29
28.11
30.04
32.65
36.48
46.57
55.56
54.78
51.07
51.68
48.09
47.85
47.57
46.21
50.94
44.85
43.46
46.81
42.60
36.25
46.32
45.28
44.70
50.90


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2010: 36,410
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011:  492 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011:  0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: milk, meat, wheat, fruits, vegetables, potatoes, sugar, oils and fats
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 11.5 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main, New South Wales
Oct
Mar-Apr
Main, Western Australia
Nov
Apr-May


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Australia is surrounded by the Tasman and Coral seas to the east, the Arafura and Timor seas to the north, and the Indian Ocean to the west and south. Australia is about the same size as the continental United States, but its population in 2010 of 22.3 million is only about 7% of that of the United States. The western two-thirds of the continent range from hyperarid to semiarid. The majority of the population lives along the relatively well-watered eastern and southeastern coasts. The climate ranges from warm humid tropics to cool subtropics. Agriculture contributes about 2.3% to GDP. The main feature of Australian agriculture is the dominance of large-scale dryland farming and grazing systems. Most irrigated agriculture is found in the Murray-Darling Basin in New South Wales. Irrigated agriculture represents 16% of the value of agricultural production; about 5% of the value of irrigated agriculture is rice. Rice contributes 3.2% to the total food caloric intake. Arable land is 6.1% of the land area.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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