A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Bhutan

bhutan


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
110.00
110.00
110.00
110.00
115.00
115.00
120.00
120.00
120.00
125.00
130.00
130.00
135.00
145.00
145.00
145.00
145.00
146.00
141.00
133.00
135.00
135.00
135.00
136.00
140.00
146.00
151.00
153.00
153.00
153.00
106.00
111.00
111.00
111.00
158.00
167.00
151.30
136.30
100.00
100.00
100.60
100.20
100.20
100.20
Rice area (000 Ha)
18.50
19.00
19.50
20.00
20.50
21.00
21.50
22.00
22.50
23.00
23.50
24.00
24.50
25.00
25.50
26.00
26.50
27.00
27.50
28.30
28.00
29.00
30.00
30.61
32.00
35.00
37.00
26.03
26.00
26.30
26.17
25.62
26.04
28.00
30.00
30.39
30.49
31.23
31.81
26.00
23.00
18.71
19.63
18.85
25.28
26.41
27.52
19.36
23.72
22.82
24.31
21.15
21.29
20.36
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.05
2.02
2.00
2.16
1.94
1.80
1.76
1.66
1.65
2.10
2.12
2.11
2.26
1.61
1.67
1.74
1.75
1.79
1.86
1.70
1.74
2.00
2.29
2.88
2.69
2.75
2.70
4.00
2.80
3.14
3.24
3.69
3.70
3.76
Paddy Production (000 t)
37.00
38.00
39.00
40.00
41.00
42.00
43.00
44.00
45.00
46.00
47.00
48.00
49.00
50.00
51.00
52.00
53.00
54.00
55.00
56.60
57.40
58.50
60.00
66.00
62.00
63.00
65.00
43.14
43.00
55.16
55.49
54.10
58.95
45.00
50.00
52.89
53.22
55.90
59.28
44.30
40.00
37.39
44.90
54.32
67.98
72.51
74.43
77.39
66.39
71.64
78.73
78.01
78.73
76.62
Milled production
Rice imports (000 t)
1.90
1.95
2.00
2.00
2.10
2.15
2.20
2.25
2.30
2.30
2.35
2.40
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
3.00
2.50
7.04
7.37
7.84
10.06
10.00
18.52
16.75
11.60
9.90
19.43
23.81
19.58
22.24
26.97
24.94
28.53
29.01
9.73
38.70
33.69
9.63
17.40
30.81
19.87
24.74
13.25
7.38
52.09
54.58
52.00
54.68
47.00
7.95
Rice exports (000 t)
0.00
0.02
0.05
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.03
0.02
0.07
0.08
0.03
3.50
0.04
0.00
0.09
0.10
0.15
0.11
0.07
0.37
0.17
0.05
0.37
Total rice consumption
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.70
0.87
0.83
0.83
0.83
0.80
0.77
0.77
0.74
1.72
1.31
0.69
0.69
0.68
0.71
0.75
0.74
0.74
0.74
0.74
0.71
0.68
0.66
0.65
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
9.73
9.91
7.41
7.54
7.60
9.02
11.70
24.00
10.04
12.97
10.68
15.17


Production



Imports and exports


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 5,480
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 78 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2010: rice, maize, wheat, meat, oranges, milk, potato
  • Rice consumption, 2010: 172 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Apr-Jun
Aug-Nov


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Bhutan, surrounded by India and China high in the Himalayas, is a tiny nation of 38,394 km2 with a 2010 population of 725,940. Apart from snow-covered mountains, there are southern tropical plains and central temperate plains. Only 2% of the land is arable, and half of that is on steep mountainsides. Although the share of agriculture in GDP is gradually decreasing (18.7% of GDP in 2009), agriculture provided livelihood to 65.4% of the population in 2009.

The improved communication facilities in the country during the last 10 years increased the trend from a subsistence basis in agriculture toward cash crops. The number of mechanized farms is increasing as a result of the government’s sizable investments and subsidy on machinery and other inputs.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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