Rice Production in Burkina Faso
Write-up taken from the IRRI’s Rice Almanac (2013):
Burkina Faso, previously Upper Volta, is a landlocked country bordered by Benin, CÃ´te d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, and Togo. Its 17 million (2011) people live in an area of 274,220 km2, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the Sahel. The land consists of rolling plains dissected by valleys formed by upper reaches of the Volta River. Agriculture occupies 92% of the working population, contributes about 33% of GDP, and provides more than 85% of export earnings (2011), although only about 21.6% of the land (2009) is arable. Further, substantial desertification has occurred as a result of previous inappropriate farming techniques used for peanuts and cotton for export. Deforestation has also been rampant, resulting in a lack of fuel wood.
Source: FAOSTAT database as of November 2012. *Irrigated rice occupied on average 23% of the rice area in 1984-2009 and provided nearly 53% of the national production of rice, according to the Direction Generale de la Promotion de l’Economie Rurale.