A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Burkina Faso

burkina-faso


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
2,124.00
2,134.00
2,144.00
2,149.00
2,159.00
2,170.00
2,180.00
2,190.00
2,202.00
2,216.00
2,200.00
2,282.00
2,353.00
2,433.00
2,506.00
2,550.00
2,600.00
2,650.00
2,700.00
2,745.00
2,790.00
2,840.00
2,885.00
2,930.00
2,980.00
3,025.00
3,075.00
3,494.00
3,530.00
3,505.00
3,480.00
3,455.00
3,430.00
3,361.00
3,380.00
3,480.00
3,780.00
3,900.00
3,900.00
3,700.00
4,500.00
4,700.00
5,100.00
4,600.00
4,900.00
4,700.00
4,900.00
6,000.00
5,700.00
6,000.00
5,700.00
6,000.00
6,200.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
53.84
66.84
32.80
34.80
33.00
34.50
35.83
46.02
40.13
40.32
40.00
40.45
38.94
32.59
41.30
45.00
31.90
35.00
40.00
36.59
39.47
25.12
21.54
21.04
27.74
22.59
18.92
21.87
20.37
23.00
18.00
24.80
24.88
31.16
43.65
46.81
56.84
45.90
37.95
40.15
58.46
46.87
47.76
49.51
52.56
44.20
40.53
80.11
92.24
133.74
136.27
136.86
138.85
144.26
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
0.56
0.68
0.76
0.98
0.75
0.87
1.22
0.89
0.97
0.90
0.92
0.83
0.80
1.08
0.97
1.01
1.18
1.13
1.17
1.10
1.15
1.70
1.86
1.95
1.81
1.68
1.15
1.79
2.05
2.08
2.14
1.88
2.16
1.96
1.92
2.39
1.58
1.94
2.48
2.57
1.88
1.90
2.00
1.50
1.78
2.57
1.70
2.44
2.32
2.02
1.77
2.33
2.20
2.41
Paddy Production (000 t)
30.17
45.22
25.00
34.00
24.70
30.00
43.54
40.90
39.07
36.28
36.88
33.60
31.10
35.20
39.90
45.45
37.61
39.72
46.92
40.21
45.24
42.80
40.00
40.99
50.33
37.95
21.79
39.08
41.84
47.80
38.60
46.70
53.81
61.01
84.02
111.81
89.52
89.00
94.21
103.09
109.87
89.10
95.49
74.50
93.52
113.70
68.92
195.10
213.58
270.66
240.87
319.39
305.38
347.50
Milled production (000 t)
20.12
30.16
16.68
22.68
16.48
20.01
29.04
27.28
26.06
24.20
24.60
22.41
20.74
23.48
26.61
30.31
25.09
26.49
31.30
26.82
30.17
28.55
26.68
27.34
33.57
25.31
14.53
26.07
27.91
31.88
25.75
31.15
35.89
40.69
56.04
74.58
59.71
59.36
62.84
68.76
73.28
59.43
63.70
49.69
62.38
75.84
45.97
130.13
142.46
180.53
160.66
213.03
203.69
Rice imports (000 t)
3.49
3.43
1.99
3.16
2.91
3.69
3.40
1.20
1.34
2.40
1.15
0.03
3.28
3.00
9.03
11.09
16.27
9.30
24.42
29.64
14.58
33.04
37.47
77.88
104.02
79.69
60.60
85.73
90.45
69.65
73.46
86.60
80.00
156.46
108.35
180.61
178.06
142.12
205.34
166.58
195.78
205.66
146.04
181.62
197.61
190.68
148.88
137.08
264.44
240.21
308.94
396.02
439.08
Rice exports (000 t)
0.03
0.04
0.25
1.54
1.50
0.71
0.07
0.16
0.11
0.10
0.03
0.51
0.60
0.02
2.79
Total rice consumption (000 t)
23.81
25.54
21.85
21.02
24.62
21.05
25.24
30.02
28.47
28.27
25.48
24.25
25.52
24.29
33.54
39.02
46.54
35.18
54.12
63.34
43.54
66.70
70.09
114.10
145.05
121.45
91.27
112.70
127.77
106.70
117.10
123.82
121.77
206.54
169.47
256.80
250.53
213.76
281.83
247.00
271.73
290.13
221.34
243.81
195.59
299.54
240.22
273.48
377.49
376.63
383.44
421.52
434.20
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
0.01
0.05
0.04
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.09
0.21
0.26
0.40
0.48
0.25
0.49
0.48
1.88
2.64
3.72
2.67
1.57
3.53
3.67
4.60
3.91
4.07
5.40
5.80
4.32
5.84
6.04
5.95
6.18
6.12
6.74
7.19
6.93
11.26
12.88
11.13
9.17
0.37
0.43
10.39
12.54
15.24
13.40
10.10
9.54
9.45
9.43
10.70
11.00
14.32


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 1,310
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 12.5 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: sorghum, millet, maize, rice, oil crops, groundnuts, vegetables, pulses, meat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 25.5 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jun
Oct-Nov
Off
Jan-Feb
May-Jun


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Burkina Faso, previously Upper Volta, is a landlocked country bordered by Benin, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, and Togo. Its 17 million (2011) people live in an area of 274,220 km2, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the Sahel. The land consists of rolling plains dissected by valleys formed by upper reaches of the Volta River. Agriculture occupies 92% of the working population, contributes about 33% of GDP, and provides more than 85% of export earnings (2011), although only about 21.6% of the land (2009) is arable. Further, substantial desertification has occurred as a result of previous inappropriate farming techniques used for peanuts and cotton for export. Deforestation has also been rampant, resulting in a lack of fuel wood.

Source: FAOSTAT database as of November 2012. *Irrigated rice occupied on average 23% of the rice area in 1984-2009 and provided nearly 53% of the national production of rice, according to the Direction Générale de la Promotion de l'Economie Rurale.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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