A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Afghanistan

afghanistan


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
7,650.00
7,700.00
7,750.00
7,800.00
7,800.00
7,835.00
7,844.00
7,844.00
7,860.00
7,870.00
7,900.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,910.00
7,824.00
7,703.00
7,653.00
7,647.00
7,685.00
7,757.00
7,653.00
7,683.00
7,683.00
7,678.00
7,772.00
7,816.00
7,805.00
7,794.00
7,794.00
7,794.00
7,793.00
7,793.00
7,791.00
7,790.00
7,785.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
210.00
210.00
210.00
220.00
220.00
222.00
206.00
206.00
206.00
202.00
200.00
210.00
210.00
210.00
210.00
210.00
210.00
210.00
206.00
191.00
174.00
165.50
155.00
149.00
141.00
150.00
162.00
180.00
170.00
175.00
173.00
175.00
175.00
180.00
170.00
175.00
180.00
180.00
140.00
130.00
121.00
135.00
145.00
195.00
160.00
160.00
170.00
190.00
200.00
208.00
210.00
205.00
205.00
220.00
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
1.52
1.52
1.52
1.73
1.73
1.52
1.92
1.95
1.98
1.81
1.75
1.90
2.00
2.00
2.07
2.13
1.90
2.04
2.13
2.17
2.24
2.20
2.26
2.24
2.25
2.24
2.00
1.91
1.88
1.90
1.94
1.71
1.71
1.90
2.29
1.94
2.22
2.50
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.87
2.99
2.37
3.03
3.38
3.25
3.22
3.22
3.23
3.20
2.44
2.50
2.44
Paddy Production (000 t)
319.00
319.00
319.00
380.00
380.00
337.00
396.00
402.00
407.00
366.00
350.00
400.00
420.00
420.00
435.00
448.00
400.00
428.00
439.00
415.00
390.00
364.00
350.00
334.00
317.00
336.00
324.00
343.00
320.00
333.00
335.00
300.00
300.00
342.00
390.00
340.00
400.00
450.00
280.00
260.00
242.00
388.00
434.00
463.00
485.00
540.00
552.00
612.00
645.00
672.00
672.00
500.00
512.09
537.00
Milled production (000 t)
212.77
212.77
212.77
253.46
253.46
224.78
264.13
268.13
271.47
244.12
233.45
266.80
280.14
280.14
290.14
298.82
266.80
285.48
292.81
276.80
260.13
242.79
233.45
222.78
211.44
224.11
216.11
228.78
213.44
222.11
223.44
200.10
200.10
228.11
260.13
226.78
266.80
300.15
186.76
173.42
161.41
258.80
289.48
308.82
323.50
360.18
368.18
408.20
430.22
448.22
448.22
333.50
341.57
Rice imports (000 t)
3.00
0.01
2.00
3.00
11.00
13.50
18.00
2.00
10.00
3.41
4.54
1.25
4.46
5.00
1.00
76.00
45.00
60.00
90.00
56.40
91.00
78.00
106.00
220.00
272.00
218.00
205.50
143.72
156.07
223.83
125.96
124.62
29.25
40.40
73.44
124.62
99.59
Rice exports
Total rice consumption (000 t)
212.77
212.77
212.77
253.46
253.46
224.78
264.13
268.13
271.47
244.12
236.44
266.80
280.14
280.14
290.14
298.83
268.79
288.46
303.76
290.24
278.05
244.78
243.40
222.78
211.44
227.51
220.63
230.03
217.88
227.09
224.44
275.76
244.90
287.85
349.73
282.93
357.39
377.80
292.29
392.43
432.20
475.82
494.06
451.89
478.87
583.01
493.58
532.27
459.33
488.45
521.33
463.20
460.57
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.14
0.19
1.27
1.91
2.16
2.47
2.59
3.68
3.11
4.29
4.60
5.59
6.86
6.79
6.29
6.46
5.78
6.67
7.15
9.18
9.22
8.51
9.99
7.05
7.03
5.63
6.14
5.79
5.11
0.00
0.00
0.65
0.65
0.90
0.65
0.65
2.39
3.40
3.27
4.54
4.24
6.29
3.62
2.99
4.52
4.26
6.33
4.60
5.07


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita PPP$, 2010: 1,060
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 47.15 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 18.18 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: wheat, maize, rice, barley, pulses, potatoes, fruits, meat
  • Rice consumption, 2003: 17 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jun
Oct-Nov


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Afghanistan is a landlocked country surrounded by China, Iran, Pakistan, and the Central Asian Republics with a population of 31.4 million as of 2010. The country sits at an important geostrategic location that connects the Middle East with Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. It consists of highland plains separated by mountains. Afghanistan is largely dry and rocky, with some fertile lowlands where rice and other grains, as well as cotton and fruits, are grown. Agricultural activities make up 30% of GDP, although about 12% of the country is arable. Deforestation has increased rapidly, leading to desertification; potable water is scarce. The main population centers are in eastern valleys. 

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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