A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Costa Rica

costa-rica


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
283.00
285.00
285.00
285.00
280.00
260.00
260.00
260.00
250.00
230.00
230.00
220.00
210.00
210.00
210.00
220.00
210.00
210.00
200.00
210.00
210.00
210.00
210.00
200.00
200.00
220.00
225.00
232.00
232.00
232.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
48.20
51.80
51.30
54.40
54.80
55.70
57.00
62.00
52.40
43.40
35.50
32.00
65.46
79.52
87.10
80.17
71.04
75.75
80.00
60.00
80.00
77.10
73.20
72.33
73.95
60.32
50.77
58.35
43.24
50.82
48.43
52.72
41.87
44.78
41.15
57.55
56.93
56.01
64.67
68.36
56.97
47.89
54.04
62.12
55.25
48.88
47.25
54.05
63.33
66.42
81.12
56.52
66.40
56.65
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
1.25
1.26
1.34
1.43
1.56
1.61
1.67
1.73
1.79
1.83
2.58
2.78
1.59
1.59
2.25
1.87
2.37
2.61
2.74
3.84
2.78
1.90
3.37
3.08
3.04
3.06
3.03
3.52
3.63
4.28
4.40
3.84
4.13
4.59
4.45
4.11
4.37
4.27
4.09
3.90
3.80
3.96
3.40
3.17
3.32
3.97
3.80
4.10
4.10
4.03
3.44
3.79
3.38
3.95
Paddy Production (000 t)
60.40
65.10
69.00
78.00
85.30
89.70
95.00
107.40
93.80
79.60
91.70
88.80
104.01
126.71
195.64
149.71
168.62
197.82
219.58
230.63
222.47
146.22
246.82
222.74
224.45
184.81
153.74
205.46
157.03
217.64
213.18
202.52
172.77
205.44
183.18
236.52
248.53
239.00
264.32
266.42
216.70
189.77
183.64
197.21
183.25
194.26
179.73
221.47
259.66
267.77
278.98
214.31
224.57
223.56
Milled production (000 t)
40.29
43.42
46.02
52.03
56.90
59.83
63.36
71.64
62.56
53.09
61.16
59.23
69.38
84.52
130.49
99.86
112.47
131.95
146.46
153.83
148.39
97.53
164.63
148.57
149.71
123.27
102.54
137.04
104.74
145.17
142.19
135.08
115.24
137.03
122.18
157.76
165.77
159.41
176.30
177.70
144.54
126.58
122.49
131.54
122.23
129.57
119.88
147.72
173.19
178.60
186.08
Rice imports (000 t)
0.09
0.28
0.10
0.33
5.10
8.40
5.48
5.33
0.22
6.23
16.00
1.36
0.35
0.28
0.41
0.07
0.04
0.07
0.14
0.03
0.02
1.24
38.64
0.23
0.00
0.02
0.01
23.59
34.72
0.02
0.01
48.77
42.46
49.12
36.88
56.95
58.68
80.77
51.60
43.54
52.38
66.38
103.81
107.96
109.25
102.34
123.11
69.76
79.11
66.06
56.42
68.56
84.90
Rice exports (000 t)
0.74
0.19
0.02
0.13
0.76
1.32
4.96
0.03
0.01
0.15
11.90
3.89
2.86
37.32
30.62
52.06
38.16
45.27
10.77
31.08
59.82
21.08
0.04
0.00
0.56
2.45
0.44
4.66
7.11
12.35
10.00
10.78
5.08
11.99
4.40
3.64
4.74
4.76
1.00
4.98
10.25
6.50
3.52
5.61
4.05
4.80
Total rice consumption (000 t)
40.38
42.92
45.93
52.36
62.33
60.07
58.80
60.97
64.98
66.11
73.94
72.38
72.79
80.65
89.42
90.48
88.86
91.57
98.57
129.15
107.57
92.17
129.30
127.66
127.30
123.20
102.56
162.22
141.75
145.19
112.32
159.85
214.01
167.38
176.44
160.66
202.44
221.01
207.24
217.18
223.02
222.94
225.39
237.79
240.55
223.56
230.66
230.35
237.48
243.56
244.44
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
65.58
84.95
121.05
115.79
85.96
101.05
107.37
167.72
190.11
173.19
200.95
167.72
226.15
256.18
233.57
196.78
235.12
282.26
279.51
259.72
255.83
254.42
312.01
340.28
282.81
298.25
333.33
360.25
411.54
417.69
447.69
491.20
467.39
560.87
554.55
710.48
909.52
947.62
836.36
795.24
557.95
537.00
847.29
726.71
980.86
826.71
790.20
707.50
751.45
545.11
712.07
744.48
699.87


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 11,950
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 112.4 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: milk, fruits, sugar, meat, rice, vegetables, wheat, starchy roots
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 49.3 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
May-Jun
Aug-Sep
Second
Aug-Sep
Nov-Jan


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Costa Rica faces both the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea in Central America, between Panama and Nicaragua. It is a tiny country of 51,100 km2 and 4.7 million inhabitants (2011), and a tropical and subtropical climate with marked wet (May to November) and dry seasons. The land is divided into central mountains with active volcanoes and coastal plains. Only 4.4% of the land is arable and provides agricultural employment for 15% of the workforce, making up 7% of GDP. Rice is a minor commodity but a highly important part of the diet.

Source: FAOSTAT database as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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