A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

cuba


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
1,450.00
1,505.00
1,592.00
1,762.00
1,620.00
1,551.00
1,693.00
1,947.00
1,943.00
2,310.00
2,277.00
2,610.00
2,784.00
2,636.00
2,870.00
3,027.00
3,031.00
3,036.00
2,979.00
2,980.00
3,000.00
3,050.00
3,100.00
3,107.00
3,168.00
3,250.00
3,330.00
3,380.00
3,401.00
3,391.00
3,435.00
3,575.00
3,630.00
3,686.00
3,684.00
3,485.00
3,628.00
3,574.00
3,610.00
3,504.00
3,739.00
3,798.00
3,752.00
3,706.00
3,672.00
3,634.00
3,573.00
3,508.60
3,446.20
3,383.70
3,321.30
3,134.90
3,156.40
Rice area (000 Ha)
150.00
164.21
140.00
70.97
38.00
32.00
44.37
71.90
128.30
195.30
168.10
170.11
225.30
203.64
178.20
163.24
151.76
151.73
147.48
147.35
144.40
150.70
149.10
160.60
159.20
170.60
153.29
151.48
167.42
154.90
152.15
171.82
97.11
166.73
154.70
233.13
213.40
193.92
171.09
200.11
183.86
197.94
204.60
157.83
127.20
142.83
136.10
155.51
215.75
176.43
208.05
202.71
197.82
171.57
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
1.38
1.41
1.69
1.73
1.45
2.00
1.62
1.58
1.75
1.92
2.10
1.87
1.49
2.14
2.51
2.76
3.00
3.01
2.88
3.24
3.19
3.45
3.47
3.45
3.29
3.34
3.04
3.23
3.20
3.06
2.81
2.19
1.91
2.32
2.56
2.46
2.88
2.28
3.27
2.76
3.27
3.50
3.50
3.10
2.89
3.04
3.23
2.80
2.61
2.58
2.72
3.17
3.40
3.36
Paddy Production (000 t)
206.91
230.92
236.90
122.96
54.97
64.00
72.09
113.75
224.62
374.52
353.13
318.02
335.61
436.63
446.71
451.08
455.77
457.46
425.10
477.83
460.89
519.75
517.64
554.76
524.32
570.52
466.04
488.86
536.38
473.67
427.62
376.33
185.60
387.60
396.10
572.90
614.20
441.60
559.00
552.80
601.00
692.00
715.80
488.90
367.60
434.20
439.60
436.00
563.60
454.40
566.40
641.60
672.60
576.40
Milled production (000 t)
138.01
154.02
158.01
82.01
36.66
42.69
48.09
75.87
149.82
249.81
235.54
212.12
223.85
291.23
297.96
300.87
304.00
305.12
283.54
318.71
307.41
346.68
345.27
370.02
349.72
380.54
310.85
326.07
357.77
315.94
285.22
251.01
123.80
258.53
264.20
382.12
409.67
294.55
372.85
368.72
400.87
461.56
477.44
326.10
245.19
289.61
293.21
290.81
375.92
303.08
377.79
Rice imports (000 t)
187.22
194.94
189.80
285.47
281.82
145.86
156.93
177.24
185.89
199.04
279.94
255.80
201.16
276.30
199.80
179.37
144.17
170.62
161.01
229.58
199.01
200.95
206.70
184.01
242.36
188.76
221.01
201.08
242.16
235.00
274.12
283.82
383.26
313.06
335.94
338.02
290.56
310.06
462.29
416.68
451.79
551.06
419.13
532.84
723.30
586.45
590.04
633.38
514.14
425.30
560.54
470.43
459.67
Rice exports
Total rice consumption (000 t)
330.12
354.06
352.78
374.95
325.86
192.36
209.12
257.74
340.56
454.06
522.79
474.60
430.27
574.75
502.98
484.93
451.94
480.21
448.76
554.30
511.62
552.88
557.37
558.85
598.42
574.23
537.64
532.40
606.26
557.09
566.52
542.26
517.07
579.78
593.53
641.76
677.05
674.28
807.75
799.12
790.17
950.50
854.48
929.19
985.80
924.06
926.80
915.19
880.48
720.77
899.34
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
72.41
88.26
108.27
114.07
141.98
199.23
192.14
230.35
240.20
171.56
128.24
87.70
99.60
114.72
115.30
117.48
137.91
148.55
155.89
177.68
202.45
181.70
170.34
189.44
184.75
204.00
196.43
177.13
194.47
171.04
106.26
69.79
47.38
33.67
66.23
67.43
65.99
47.37
43.07
37.21
55.07
38.10
16.50
18.53
22.38
32.12
35.70
43.58
14.99
31.00
34.76
51.20
49.44


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 38.12 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: vegetables, rice, sugar, wheat, starchy roots, milk, meat, maize, fruits, pulses
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 62.3 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Apr-Jul
Jul-Aug
Dry
Dec-Feb
Mar-Jun


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Cuba is the main island of the Cuban Archipelago between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. The total population was 11.25 million in 2011. The climate is tropical and fertile plains cover much of the island. Arable land makes up 28% of the total land area of 109,820 km2 and nearly two-thirds are planted to sugarcane, the main crop. Agriculture overall, however, forms only 5% of GDP, while employing a fifth of the workforce.

Source: FAO’s FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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