A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Malawi

malawi


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
1,300.00
1,400.00
1,450.00
1,500.00
1,700.00
1,750.00
1,700.00
1,800.00
1,850.00
1,800.00
1,950.00
2,000.00
2,050.00
2,050.00
2,000.00
2,000.00
2,000.00
2,050.00
2,050.00
1,900.00
2,000.00
2,100.00
2,000.00
2,050.00
2,050.00
2,150.00
2,150.00
2,150.00
2,200.00
2,250.00
2,350.00
2,300.00
2,300.00
2,100.00
2,300.00
2,400.00
2,450.00
2,600.00
2,700.00
2,750.00
2,850.00
2,850.00
3,000.00
3,000.00
3,200.00
3,300.00
3,000.00
3,450.00
3,500.00
3,700.00
3,600.00
3,750.00
3,800.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
13.10
6.00
4.45
4.86
6.00
16.30
15.80
11.00
16.00
19.60
32.00
42.00
40.00
42.00
40.00
45.00
45.00
47.00
45.00
42.00
22.84
22.50
20.31
21.92
20.81
22.87
19.08
22.66
25.57
29.04
32.84
18.24
38.82
27.07
33.31
41.22
40.37
41.85
45.78
43.52
50.15
56.03
54.39
42.57
48.99
52.03
58.09
63.12
63.97
59.10
61.56
60.13
65.28
70.00
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
0.72
0.77
1.03
0.97
0.91
0.67
0.76
0.83
1.08
1.11
0.96
0.99
1.70
1.45
1.92
2.00
1.89
1.96
0.98
0.90
1.58
1.64
1.28
1.59
1.65
1.64
1.49
1.43
1.79
1.49
1.92
1.30
1.68
1.52
1.56
1.76
1.63
1.64
2.03
1.65
1.86
1.64
1.62
1.17
0.84
1.76
1.95
1.82
2.13
1.86
1.91
1.85
1.92
1.87
Paddy Production (000 t)
9.40
4.60
4.60
4.72
5.44
11.00
12.00
9.10
17.20
21.77
30.80
41.70
68.00
61.00
77.00
90.00
85.00
92.00
44.00
38.00
36.00
37.00
25.95
34.89
34.26
37.41
28.43
32.32
45.69
43.28
63.18
23.80
65.36
41.13
52.08
72.63
65.69
68.68
92.83
71.60
93.15
92.03
88.18
49.72
41.27
91.45
113.17
114.88
135.99
110.11
117.73
110.96
125.16
131.00
Milled production (000 t)
6.27
3.07
3.07
3.15
3.63
7.34
8.00
6.07
11.47
14.52
20.54
27.81
45.36
40.69
51.36
60.03
56.70
61.36
29.35
25.35
24.01
24.68
17.31
23.27
22.86
24.95
18.96
21.56
30.48
28.87
42.14
15.87
43.59
27.43
34.74
48.44
43.82
45.81
61.92
47.76
62.13
61.38
58.82
33.16
27.53
61.00
75.48
76.63
90.70
73.44
78.53
Rice imports (000 t)
0.50
0.05
0.52
0.54
0.34
0.51
0.03
0.08
0.13
0.02
0.00
0.01
0.00
0.01
0.20
1.30
2.12
0.06
0.36
0.08
0.00
0.10
0.50
4.60
0.00
1.18
0.02
0.98
4.13
4.24
4.42
2.45
0.65
0.98
0.86
0.86
3.50
2.23
11.28
5.46
0.20
1.34
3.72
3.78
5.31
6.71
0.75
0.31
2.86
0.98
Rice exports (000 t)
3.00
1.00
1.00
1.30
1.05
1.39
1.43
0.80
1.64
2.81
5.17
7.15
14.33
11.07
5.10
4.83
11.98
7.70
6.96
9.82
7.90
3.00
0.37
1.31
0.42
1.27
4.27
3.31
3.56
1.93
1.35
0.10
5.90
4.71
3.10
3.02
5.23
5.40
3.75
1.51
1.11
0.18
0.02
0.13
4.96
1.50
7.30
1.27
0.95
1.52
1.84
Total rice consumption (000 t)
3.24
2.06
2.06
2.34
2.62
6.46
7.10
5.61
10.33
11.72
15.39
20.72
30.89
29.50
46.21
55.15
44.59
53.79
23.63
17.56
16.08
22.01
17.01
21.95
22.53
24.17
23.61
27.35
28.33
30.35
31.07
28.79
32.61
30.97
32.41
38.85
41.73
45.43
50.25
51.35
50.48
51.04
54.78
55.42
56.34
64.62
69.67
80.49
91.51
72.93
77.88
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
3.44
2.77
2.86
3.23
2.94
2.86
3.53
3.89
3.83
6.11
7.72
6.67
8.00
5.19
7.51
13.45
11.75
14.08
12.31
17.51
17.08
15.38
21.50
21.84
14.28
17.43
22.51
23.83
24.91
21.33
29.79
32.09
32.17
10.13
18.92
24.25
23.18
19.31
18.56
18.11
9.64
29.71
31.08
34.41
30.49
36.82
41.72
34.87
29.32
32.11
29.84
39.91
43.23


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 870
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 16.1 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 1.1 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: starchy roots, maize, banana and plantains, vegetables including oils, pulses, sugar
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 5.9 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Nov-Dec
May-Jul


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Landlocked Malawi in southeastern Africa consists mainly of a plateau beside Lake Nyasa, whose waters make up 24,400 km2 of the total area of 118,484 km2. The population of 15.4 million (2011) makes Malawi one of the world’s most densely populated countries. Agriculture comprises almost a third of GDP, occupying nearly 80% of the workforce. Arable land is 38.2% of the land area. The climate is subtropical with a rainy season in November to May, the remainder of the year being dry.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012. *Mzengeza T. 2010. Genetic Studies on Grain and Morphological Traits in Early Generation Crosses of Malawi Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Landrace and NERICA Varieties. PhD Thesis at African Centre for Crop Improvement, University of Kwazulu, Natal, Republic of South Africa.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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