A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Nicaragua

nicaragua


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
1,030.00
1,030.00
1,030.00
1,030.00
1,030.00
1,040.00
1,040.00
1,040.00
1,040.00
1,040.00
1,040.00
1,040.00
1,050.00
1,060.00
1,060.00
1,060.00
1,060.00
1,065.00
1,069.00
1,070.00
1,150.00
1,150.00
1,150.00
1,200.00
1,220.00
1,220.00
1,250.00
1,280.00
1,300.00
1,300.00
1,300.00
1,320.00
1,350.00
1,350.00
1,650.00
1,650.00
1,750.00
1,800.00
1,850.00
1,917.00
1,912.00
2,000.00
2,050.00
1,950.00
2,000.00
1,860.00
1,800.00
1,700.00
1,650.00
1,531.00
1,503.00
1,532.00
1,504.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
23.70
22.60
21.50
22.50
24.90
26.30
25.50
31.70
25.12
25.25
26.16
26.16
25.04
29.54
29.54
21.10
24.50
28.07
35.95
32.61
41.57
42.61
43.95
41.02
40.81
36.61
38.92
38.43
39.55
45.92
40.32
52.64
56.76
58.12
62.68
67.36
74.61
83.57
56.23
92.82
84.08
92.13
92.97
73.64
95.67
87.81
68.35
71.17
73.76
88.31
100.38
110.89
90.82
95.00
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
1.63
1.63
2.17
2.15
2.15
2.40
2.67
2.74
2.69
3.20
3.13
2.84
3.13
2.71
3.01
2.68
3.11
3.04
3.19
3.43
3.94
4.14
3.89
3.36
3.53
3.05
3.29
2.90
2.64
2.63
3.25
2.93
3.54
3.25
3.71
3.42
3.44
3.47
3.66
3.12
2.93
3.19
3.20
3.51
3.31
3.64
3.95
4.01
4.54
5.14
4.12
3.78
4.16
4.05
Paddy Production (000 t)
38.66
36.85
46.60
48.40
53.50
63.20
68.00
86.80
67.48
80.74
81.78
74.26
78.48
79.97
89.00
56.64
76.20
85.25
114.60
112.00
163.83
176.27
171.00
138.00
143.99
111.77
127.98
111.47
104.31
120.89
131.15
154.00
201.20
189.06
232.46
230.32
256.59
290.25
205.61
289.60
246.20
293.46
297.53
258.51
316.71
319.57
269.87
285.07
334.52
453.99
413.32
418.66
377.47
385.00
Milled production (000 t)
25.79
24.58
31.08
32.28
35.68
42.15
45.36
57.90
45.01
53.85
54.55
49.53
52.35
53.34
59.36
37.78
50.83
56.86
76.44
74.70
109.27
117.57
114.06
92.05
96.04
74.55
85.36
74.35
69.58
80.63
87.48
102.72
134.20
126.10
155.05
153.62
171.14
193.60
137.14
193.16
164.22
195.74
198.45
172.43
211.25
213.15
180.00
190.14
223.12
302.81
325.50
Rice imports (000 t)
5.62
3.36
3.90
9.06
9.55
13.48
11.85
14.87
0.09
0.24
0.10
0.12
0.49
0.00
0.00
0.07
0.15
0.58
10.24
37.44
22.68
0.24
4.76
17.63
33.01
30.67
34.50
38.10
56.04
38.73
36.06
34.82
41.71
44.20
52.54
65.78
81.20
40.34
81.20
62.27
110.33
81.56
85.09
92.47
125.98
64.06
116.46
120.64
84.99
87.24
92.43
84.31
82.98
Rice exports (000 t)
0.43
3.60
0.99
0.95
0.24
2.11
0.11
1.76
5.72
19.80
8.31
4.76
7.94
2.58
1.23
5.77
0.07
0.01
0.00
0.00
1.26
0.04
2.32
10.66
1.17
0.26
0.23
2.26
1.33
2.77
3.77
0.18
0.00
0.18
0.03
3.01
1.32
1.03
0.69
0.49
2.90
4.59
4.12
6.76
6.22
6.63
5.66
Total rice consumption (000 t)
31.36
24.31
34.21
40.99
45.69
54.38
57.97
71.99
38.96
32.84
45.72
44.74
44.35
50.57
58.10
31.75
50.90
57.45
87.46
114.96
133.68
116.47
119.14
111.01
131.55
105.05
122.48
115.34
118.39
122.30
125.00
122.69
154.95
181.97
200.98
224.74
246.68
252.76
241.93
254.04
260.63
271.66
291.75
285.82
287.39
229.90
238.98
250.67
257.05
260.49
266.46
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
3.95
3.36
9.71
10.10
28.37
21.24
23.92
26.56
26.11
24.88
25.08
28.08
51.90
33.40
18.21
45.18
45.62
45.54
21.42
50.65
52.43
38.96
61.13
40.49
51.62
55.64
40.32
59.84
27.15
30.78
26.48
23.71
20.00
16.15
18.79
24.65
20.38
21.44
19.43
15.08
10.10
28.41
31.90
32.97
28.12
32.63
31.47
27.11
34.69
34.74
51.57
50.20
34.39


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 3,730
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 189.7 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 7.0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: milk, maize, fruits, rice, sugar, wheat, meat, beans
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 43.5 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main-Highland
June
Oct-Nov
Main-Irrigated
Jan-Feb
Apr-Nov


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Nicaragua, a small country of 130,370 km2 in Central America, faces the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Much of the interior is mountainous and volcanic. The bulk of the population of 5.87 million (2011) lives on the western side of the country. Arable land is 15.8% of the land area. Agriculture is undertaken by 15% of the workforce and makes up 20% of GDP (2011).

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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