A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Timor-Leste

timor-leste


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
70.00
70.00
70.00
70.00
70.00
70.00
72.00
72.00
73.00
78.00
78.00
80.00
85.00
85.00
85.00
88.00
90.00
96.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
110.00
120.00
120.00
125.00
130.00
130.00
130.00
127.00
125.00
120.00
120.00
145.00
145.00
150.00
170.00
170.00
170.00
160.00
160.00
160.00
150.00
150.00
160.00
155.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
8.40
9.00
9.10
9.30
5.74
7.09
8.70
11.00
7.00
7.00
7.00
9.00
10.00
10.00
12.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
16.50
18.00
20.93
20.00
20.00
19.74
17.27
15.64
17.71
25.50
19.38
18.86
16.10
18.08
19.68
14.20
13.83
12.68
17.00
35.00
35.00
43.55
23.00
40.00
45.00
40.00
45.64
39.00
36.55
35.56
41.88
28.00
28.48
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
1.99
1.70
1.54
1.37
1.66
1.66
1.76
1.96
1.82
1.79
1.50
1.79
1.95
2.30
2.08
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.01
2.00
2.00
2.13
2.16
2.59
2.64
2.62
2.72
2.75
2.58
2.58
2.67
2.67
2.67
2.65
3.00
1.54
1.53
1.50
1.52
1.47
1.23
1.51
1.76
3.10
3.09
2.76
2.85
3.12
3.12
Paddy Production (000 t)
16.76
15.30
14.00
12.70
9.54
11.76
15.29
21.57
12.77
12.55
10.52
16.14
19.49
23.00
25.00
24.00
26.00
28.00
28.00
30.00
32.00
33.00
36.00
42.00
40.00
40.00
42.05
37.25
40.45
46.68
66.89
52.66
51.77
41.46
46.70
52.61
37.97
36.85
33.58
51.00
53.84
53.66
65.43
34.99
58.89
55.41
60.42
80.26
120.78
112.92
98.30
119.17
87.33
88.82
Milled production (000 t)
11.18
10.20
9.34
8.47
6.36
7.85
10.20
14.38
8.52
8.37
7.02
10.77
13.00
15.34
16.68
16.01
17.34
18.68
18.68
20.01
21.34
22.01
24.01
28.01
26.68
26.68
28.05
24.84
26.98
31.13
44.62
35.12
34.53
27.65
31.15
35.09
25.32
24.58
22.40
34.02
35.92
35.79
43.64
23.34
39.28
36.96
40.30
53.53
80.56
75.32
65.56
Rice imports (000 t)
26.00
27.00
28.00
28.00
31.00
32.00
32.00
29.00
32.00
32.00
33.00
31.00
30.00
29.00
29.00
30.00
29.00
27.00
26.00
23.00
23.00
23.50
23.50
22.00
22.50
23.50
24.50
27.00
28.00
18.00
12.00
18.00
18.00
22.00
22.00
25.00
26.50
26.00
27.00
29.00
30.00
31.50
29.00
32.00
24.00
27.00
26.51
8.74
3.78
1.30
14.06
70.44
97.52
Rice exports (000 t)
0.58
0.03
0.50
1.22
0.08
0.30
0.34
Total rice consumption (000 t)
40.08
40.22
39.82
39.60
40.79
42.86
44.42
46.53
44.09
43.61
43.71
44.85
46.35
47.58
48.91
49.36
49.58
48.69
47.58
45.58
46.91
48.14
50.14
52.47
51.69
52.80
55.29
54.86
58.11
51.14
57.96
55.13
54.54
52.11
55.60
58.43
54.78
54.59
53.53
58.47
62.04
62.47
68.10
62.34
69.04
66.72
70.58
70.20
73.67
78.91
77.74
Fertilizer usage (NPK)


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2010: 5,210
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 8.2 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: maize, rice, starchy roots, meat, vegetables including oils, fruits, wheat, milk
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 67.3 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Dec-Jan
May-Jul
Off
Apr-Jun
Aug-Dec


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Timor-Leste is a tiny (14,874 km2) new country (independence in 2002) at the eastern end of Indonesia, where it occupies two parts of the island of Timor and two small islands between the Timor Sea to the south and the Banda Sea to the north. Eleven percent of the land area is arable. The land is mountainous, some parts rugged, and the climate is hot humid tropical, with marked wet (December-March) and dry (June-September) seasons. Although the country receives substantial oil revenue, the population of 1.15 million is still largely rural, with agriculture making up 25.6% of GDP and occupying 80% of the workforce. Maize and rice are the main crops.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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