A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Panama

panama


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
438.00
438.00
438.00
438.00
438.00
438.00
434.00
434.00
432.00
432.00
432.00
432.00
432.00
433.00
433.00
433.00
434.00
434.00
434.00
435.00
440.00
450.00
455.00
460.00
465.00
470.00
475.00
480.00
490.00
499.00
499.00
500.00
500.00
500.00
500.00
500.00
510.00
520.00
530.00
548.00
548.00
548.00
548.00
548.00
548.00
540.00
540.00
540.00
540.00
568.89
565.00
563.00
563.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
100.40
99.60
103.30
120.80
133.10
131.50
129.50
128.60
125.70
93.11
95.60
105.20
105.30
112.20
115.37
122.35
109.98
99.11
94.24
92.47
99.85
95.03
97.82
93.04
90.15
86.14
82.93
83.80
87.91
98.36
94.09
93.14
93.50
97.67
98.95
93.41
69.62
88.23
77.96
85.61
122.45
127.56
133.88
130.10
109.50
95.67
99.50
104.65
106.78
112.86
105.25
98.38
102.59
87.94
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
1.08
1.10
1.08
1.06
1.14
1.07
1.17
1.27
1.31
1.41
1.42
1.19
1.54
1.59
1.60
1.18
1.69
1.64
1.70
1.84
1.95
1.86
2.04
1.88
2.06
2.09
2.17
2.18
2.36
2.26
2.16
2.20
2.25
2.32
1.78
2.03
2.07
1.94
2.34
2.42
2.13
2.32
2.36
1.87
2.15
2.43
2.38
2.88
2.26
2.17
2.56
2.78
3.09
3.20
Paddy Production (000 t)
108.90
109.70
111.15
127.74
151.47
140.10
150.93
163.04
165.24
131.16
136.18
125.22
162.05
178.33
184.80
144.44
186.19
162.38
160.55
169.72
195.16
176.31
199.42
174.60
186.14
180.25
180.06
182.85
207.16
222.29
203.24
204.75
210.00
227.02
176.23
189.75
144.36
171.28
182.29
207.43
261.21
295.38
315.96
243.38
235.16
232.40
236.98
301.04
241.52
244.45
269.86
273.60
316.80
281.24
Milled production (000 t)
72.64
73.17
74.13
85.20
101.03
93.45
100.67
108.75
110.22
87.48
90.83
83.52
108.09
118.95
123.26
96.34
124.19
108.31
107.09
113.20
130.17
117.60
133.01
116.46
124.16
120.23
120.10
121.96
138.18
148.27
135.56
136.57
140.07
151.43
117.55
126.56
96.29
114.24
121.58
138.35
174.23
197.02
210.75
162.33
156.85
155.01
158.06
200.79
161.10
163.05
180.00
165.55
191.69
Rice imports (000 t)
0.80
3.75
3.31
4.30
0.38
0.29
0.08
0.04
0.32
0.08
22.90
5.67
0.41
0.12
0.06
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.04
0.05
0.15
0.13
0.06
0.07
0.04
0.11
0.02
0.35
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.08
0.03
1.98
2.29
0.28
1.64
49.50
4.84
10.23
3.45
20.68
5.86
6.13
43.30
28.96
48.66
63.53
14.57
88.77
40.36
77.81
71.42
Rice exports (000 t)
1.91
0.00
0.02
2.74
0.03
0.03
0.01
0.00
13.77
11.32
4.97
5.85
0.27
0.01
0.70
1.10
0.20
0.27
0.65
2.17
1.10
0.06
0.46
0.02
0.09
0.03
0.02
0.07
Total rice consumption (000 t)
74.19
73.97
80.30
86.66
84.63
94.30
104.14
94.65
113.59
104.49
104.32
83.37
92.24
126.25
137.24
85.14
121.37
93.62
94.71
99.01
121.28
102.53
127.57
123.26
133.69
154.71
87.44
134.42
117.98
124.90
110.57
138.00
143.82
143.81
131.28
125.92
93.64
153.32
121.84
111.74
185.14
211.53
214.61
189.10
209.75
210.44
220.01
221.65
229.28
234.97
244.41
261.74
266.58
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
11.42
22.83
22.83
25.11
18.26
22.83
18.43
39.17
44.68
48.61
54.44
60.39
51.62
64.02
58.85
52.42
52.30
53.00
68.66
70.34
68.64
60.67
50.77
61.30
55.27
75.11
79.58
80.21
67.94
77.47
51.40
70.98
64.36
59.90
55.40
88.60
71.35
76.69
64.15
56.90
53.28
40.40
51.15
42.15
34.42
38.39
34.09
35.81
47.56
63.76
67.47
67.85
82.66


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information 

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 14,510
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 147.4 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0.6 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: fruits, fermented beverages, milk, meat, rice, wheat, vegetables including oils, sugar, maize
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 62.2 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Apr-Jul
Aug-Oct


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Panama, facing both the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea in Central America, is bordered by Colombia and Costa Rica. It is a small country of 75,420 km2, with a population of 3.6 million (2011). Its climate is hot, humid tropical, with most of the land occupied by mountains and upland plains, and coastal plains; only 7.4% is arable. Much of the economy is built around the Panama Canal. Agriculture contributes 4% of GDP, undertaken by 16% of the workforce. Rice is the second largest crop after bananas.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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