A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Sri Lanka

sri-lanka


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
595.00
577.00
792.00
790.00
793.00
792.00
792.00
798.00
804.00
810.00
816.00
822.00
828.00
834.00
850.00
900.00
950.00
1,000.00
900.00
900.00
900.00
857.00
869.00
872.00
876.00
887.00
895.00
898.00
901.00
900.00
903.00
905.00
880.00
883.00
886.00
887.00
888.00
889.00
905.00
915.00
916.00
936.00
950.00
900.00
1,100.00
1,050.00
1,000.00
1,200.00
1,100.00
1,200.00
1,300.00
1,250.00
1,300.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
495.55
526.73
535.08
538.06
431.82
534.03
544.79
567.24
536.35
718.68
693.77
638.97
671.69
797.02
597.23
635.47
782.28
839.42
789.56
823.73
842.47
746.00
776.66
885.81
864.68
836.40
679.42
815.56
689.75
828.25
790.66
766.02
819.77
896.55
889.59
660.08
690.08
767.00
870.80
832.00
765.04
819.59
911.44
719.69
915.26
910.49
816.71
1,052.99
942.41
1,060.36
1,091.05
1,066.62
1,188.00
881.00
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
1.86
1.95
1.95
2.00
1.77
1.84
2.13
2.40
2.57
2.25
2.01
2.05
1.95
2.01
1.93
1.97
2.14
2.25
2.43
2.59
2.65
2.89
3.20
2.73
3.08
3.09
3.13
3.04
2.99
3.06
3.02
3.05
3.14
2.99
3.16
3.12
3.25
3.51
3.28
3.44
3.52
3.49
3.37
3.65
3.55
3.67
3.83
3.68
3.87
4.06
3.57
3.61
3.89
3.84
Paddy Production (000 t)
923.02
1,029.19
1,045.91
1,074.05
764.16
980.75
1,158.15
1,359.54
1,375.96
1,615.93
1,395.78
1,312.45
1,312.42
1,602.31
1,154.16
1,252.62
1,677.29
1,890.49
1,917.22
2,133.20
2,229.35
2,155.63
2,483.53
2,419.70
2,661.21
2,588.18
2,127.83
2,476.61
2,063.44
2,538.00
2,389.00
2,339.70
2,570.00
2,683.69
2,809.89
2,061.52
2,239.37
2,692.34
2,857.10
2,859.90
2,695.08
2,859.48
3,071.20
2,628.00
3,246.00
3,342.00
3,131.00
3,875.00
3,651.67
4,300.62
3,894.89
3,845.94
4,621.00
3,381.00
Milled production (000 t)
615.66
686.47
697.62
716.39
509.69
654.16
772.49
906.82
917.76
1,077.83
930.98
875.40
875.38
1,068.74
769.82
835.50
1,118.76
1,260.96
1,278.79
1,422.84
1,486.97
1,437.80
1,656.51
1,613.94
1,775.03
1,726.31
1,419.26
1,651.90
1,376.31
1,692.85
1,593.46
1,560.58
1,714.19
1,790.02
1,874.20
1,375.03
1,493.66
1,795.79
1,905.69
1,907.55
1,797.62
1,907.27
2,048.49
1,752.88
2,165.08
2,229.11
2,088.38
2,584.62
2,435.66
2,868.51
2,597.89
2,565.25
3,082.03
Rice imports (000 t)
469.02
410.66
402.95
658.00
642.00
487.60
375.80
338.00
264.20
544.60
339.20
266.40
343.50
297.41
465.35
377.90
538.75
186.84
211.64
168.32
154.58
111.65
176.81
20.34
160.62
189.85
71.80
176.01
299.89
130.27
132.95
236.91
181.41
31.63
9.11
289.28
305.44
166.68
206.03
14.85
51.92
94.93
34.52
240.40
51.73
17.09
129.72
99.20
73.13
150.38
37.49
45.91
24.06
Rice exports (000 t)
8.70
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.01
0.50
0.00
0.09
0.09
0.13
0.24
0.24
0.44
0.45
0.48
31.16
43.80
1.16
1.39
2.70
1.36
1.98
1.74
2.07
2.05
2.33
3.97
2.61
5.51
3.79
4.45
10.50
5.87
30.13
10.24
Total rice consumption (000 t)
1,025.69
1,079.47
1,142.89
1,077.36
1,253.20
1,312.92
1,047.92
1,191.27
1,176.91
1,194.16
1,312.74
1,307.38
1,324.14
1,444.82
1,368.51
1,569.10
1,438.28
1,379.78
1,388.27
1,484.94
1,638.57
1,650.31
1,706.35
1,633.40
1,878.70
1,815.74
1,766.73
1,825.62
1,671.12
1,820.37
1,723.16
1,768.53
1,659.20
1,864.25
1,786.84
1,787.44
1,821.56
1,876.88
1,990.28
1,913.12
1,944.97
1,944.66
1,972.58
2,092.15
2,212.27
2,243.24
2,289.70
2,370.71
2,452.69
2,565.68
2,533.07
2,531.30
2,613.23
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
140.49
165.46
114.63
106.97
121.59
131.86
128.43
163.26
110.70
129.75
137.62
121.53
134.18
122.18
85.18
105.89
117.47
135.89
162.12
183.62
163.78
181.60
193.00
218.92
222.24
217.77
227.61
230.62
233.91
190.16
196.22
202.94
239.20
246.32
232.55
238.07
235.03
262.00
286.28
269.90
266.45
304.56
259.18
287.01
255.29
291.31
288.52
311.71
281.37
230.75
257.32
198.37
160.04


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 5,520
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 52.8 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: rice, oilcrops, wheat, vegetables, milk, fruits, sugar, fish
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 103.8 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons

 

Planting

Harvesting

Major (Maha)
Oct-Nov
Feb-Mar
Minor (Yaha)
Apr-May
Aug-Sep


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Sri Lanka, a small island at the southern tip of India, had a population of 21 million in 2011. The country has an area of 65,610 km2, which is divided into two climate zones, wet in the southwest and dry elsewhere. The land is mainly flat with a central mountain range. Arable land was 19% of the total land area in 2009. Agriculture accounts for 44% of the workforce and 12% of GDP. Rice is the second largest crop after tea.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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