A project of

CGIAR-GRISP-LOGO

Turkey

turkey


Basic Statistics


Element

1961

1962

1963

1964

1965

1966

1967

1968

1969

1970

1971

1972

1973

1974

1975

1976

1977

1978

1979

1980

1981

1982

1983

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Arable land (000 Ha)
23,013.00
23,131.00
23,895.00
23,824.00
23,841.00
24,000.00
23,836.00
24,092.00
25,231.00
24,793.00
24,978.00
25,573.00
25,543.00
25,161.00
24,908.00
24,862.00
25,063.00
25,123.00
25,778.00
25,354.00
25,483.00
24,199.00
23,696.00
24,502.00
24,595.00
24,558.00
24,964.00
24,786.00
24,880.00
24,647.00
24,666.00
24,514.00
24,481.00
24,705.00
24,654.00
24,514.00
24,297.00
24,439.00
24,279.00
23,826.00
23,801.00
23,994.00
23,372.00
23,871.00
23,830.00
22,981.00
21,979.00
21,555.00
21,351.00
21,384.00
20,539.00
20,577.00
20,574.00
Rice area (000 Ha)
59.00
81.00
55.00
35.00
50.00
65.00
60.00
45.00
56.50
66.00
65.00
51.00
59.50
58.00
54.75
54.00
57.95
70.00
75.00
52.00
72.75
77.35
70.00
63.95
59.78
55.00
53.00
50.97
66.00
46.35
40.40
42.98
44.84
40.50
50.00
54.85
55.00
60.00
65.00
58.00
59.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
85.00
99.10
93.80
99.49
96.44
98.97
99.40
119.72
110.59
110.88
Paddy yield (t/Ha)
3.95
3.40
3.94
4.76
4.33
3.85
3.89
4.56
3.74
4.04
4.49
3.99
4.45
4.31
4.57
4.88
4.75
4.52
5.00
4.58
4.54
4.52
4.50
4.38
4.52
5.00
5.19
5.15
5.00
4.96
4.95
5.00
5.02
4.94
4.00
5.10
5.00
5.25
5.23
6.03
6.10
6.00
5.72
7.00
7.06
7.02
6.91
7.57
7.78
8.69
9.05
7.35
8.14
7.49
Paddy Production (000 t)
233.30
275.00
216.70
166.70
216.70
250.00
233.30
205.00
211.30
266.70
291.70
203.30
265.00
250.00
250.00
263.30
275.00
316.70
375.00
238.30
330.00
350.00
315.00
280.00
270.00
275.00
275.00
262.50
330.00
230.00
200.00
215.00
225.00
200.00
200.00
280.00
275.00
315.00
340.00
350.00
360.00
360.00
372.00
490.00
600.00
696.00
648.00
753.32
750.00
860.00
900.00
880.00
900.00
830.00
Milled production (000 t)
155.61
183.42
144.54
111.19
144.54
166.75
155.61
136.74
140.94
177.89
194.56
135.60
176.76
166.75
166.75
175.62
183.42
211.24
250.12
158.95
220.11
233.45
210.10
186.76
180.09
183.42
183.42
175.09
220.11
153.41
133.40
143.40
150.07
133.40
133.40
186.76
183.42
210.10
226.78
233.45
240.12
240.12
248.12
326.83
400.20
464.23
432.22
502.47
500.25
573.62
600.30
Rice imports (000 t)
10.49
0.74
0.64
9.45
12.86
13.48
2.20
2.42
63.30
11.18
77.21
20.00
30.34
37.32
22.76
5.70
26.32
20.63
10.00
84.84
85.38
85.14
158.69
91.11
220.63
190.72
132.66
264.55
289.44
195.64
300.11
203.27
267.85
275.03
246.80
341.72
225.76
325.18
384.29
150.85
262.82
230.42
193.18
222.63
204.00
391.88
249.44
182.80
226.06
Rice exports (000 t)
1.00
1.60
0.60
2.26
1.87
0.05
0.00
0.02
0.01
0.02
0.05
0.05
1.26
0.12
0.04
1.17
5.53
1.26
1.81
0.63
0.95
1.27
0.54
0.59
1.46
5.66
4.20
1.93
4.26
0.96
0.72
5.63
1.12
7.94
19.28
51.52
91.25
98.46
8.38
Total rice consumption (000 t)
167.27
184.25
143.43
109.41
144.59
177.25
153.10
134.65
155.23
192.88
197.01
138.29
247.12
179.18
252.58
197.84
217.14
252.71
275.41
165.22
249.29
256.34
221.20
281.02
274.62
276.32
358.39
276.21
464.43
362.94
274.55
435.38
467.92
349.71
464.82
409.28
477.33
512.32
489.91
590.23
478.96
582.76
655.15
487.19
678.67
698.98
644.77
736.40
701.52
729.49
756.18
Fertilizer usage (NPK) (000 t)
3.25
3.20
4.57
4.04
6.25
7.93
11.70
15.77
17.68
17.37
19.80
24.77
28.29
20.78
35.78
47.42
50.23
61.65
50.40
57.43
50.89
60.32
70.21
62.89
58.02
61.86
71.22
65.12
72.27
76.58
71.79
78.63
90.15
61.01
68.97
73.40
75.14
89.23
90.34
87.67
70.19
72.80
84.29
85.63
86.76
91.84
90.34
71.97
96.50
90.83
90.00
109.08
113.53


Production



Imports and exports



Caloric intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources



Protein intake (%/day) from rice relative to other sources


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2011: 16,940
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 227 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: –16.6 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: wheat, milk, fruits, vegetables including oils, starchy roots, sugar, meat
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 9.3 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season

 

Planting

Harvesting

Main
Apr-Jun
Sep-Oct


Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):


Turkey, a diverse land of 783,560 km2 in area, faces the Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Its western border marks the traditional separation of Europe and Asia. Turkey is mainly mountainous, with a coastal plain and high central plateau. The proportion of arable land is quite high, 27.7%, and agriculture occupies 32% of the workforce, making up 9.1% of GDP. The population in 2011 was 73.6 million.

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.




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