Rice Production in Australia


General information

  • GNI per capita at PPP$, 2010: 36,410
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011:  492 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011:  0 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: milk, meat, wheat, fruits, vegetables, potatoes, sugar, oils and fats
  • Rice consumption, 2009: 11.5 kg milled rice per person per year

Production seasons




Main, New South Wales
Main, Western Australia

Write-up taken from the IRRI’s Rice Almanac (2013):

Australia is surrounded by the Tasman and Coral seas to the east, the Arafura and Timor seas to the north, and the Indian Ocean to the west and south. Australia is about the same size as the continental United States, but its population in 2010 of 22.3 million is only about 7% of that of the United States. The western two-thirds of the continent range from hyperarid to semiarid. The majority of the population lives along the relatively well-watered eastern and southeastern coasts. The climate ranges from warm humid tropics to cool subtropics. Agriculture contributes about 2.3% to GDP. The main feature of Australian agriculture is the dominance of large-scale dryland farming and grazing systems. Most irrigated agriculture is found in the Murray-Darling Basin in New South Wales. Irrigated agriculture represents 16% of the value of agricultural production; about 5% of the value of irrigated agriculture is rice. Rice contributes 3.2% to the total food caloric intake. Arable land is 6.1% of the land area.

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