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General information

  • GNI per capita PPP$, 2010: 1,060
  • Internal renewable water resources, 2011: 47.15 km3/year
  • Incoming water flow, 2011: 18.18 km3/year
  • Main food consumed, 2009: wheat, maize, rice, barley, pulses, potatoes, fruits, meat
  • Rice consumption, 2003: 17 kg milled rice per person per year

Production season





Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):

Afghanistan is a landlocked country surrounded by China, Iran, Pakistan, and the Central Asian Republics with a population of 31.4 million as of 2010. The country sits at an important geostrategic location that connects the Middle East with Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. It consists of highland plains separated by mountains. Afghanistan is largely dry and rocky, with some fertile lowlands where rice and other grains, as well as cotton and fruits, are grown. Agricultural activities make up 30% of GDP, although about 12% of the country is arable. Deforestation has increased rapidly, leading to desertification; potable water is scarce. The main population centers are in eastern valleys. 

Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.

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If you want to learn more, please read the Rice Almanac. You can purchase it on Kindle or download for free as a PDF.

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