Write-up taken from the IRRI's Rice Almanac (2013):
Turkmenistan in Central Asia lies between Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan to the north and Iran and Afghanistan to the south; the Caspian Sea forms its western side. About 80% is desert with a tropical arid climate. Arable land, 3.9% of the country’s area of 488,100 km2, is along river valleys and almost all irrigated. Agriculture accounts for 14.6% of GDP and employs 30% of the population of 5.1 million (2011). Cotton and wheat are the major commodities; rice is a minor crop.
Source: FAOSTAT database online and AQUASTAT database online, as of November 2012.